Yield and Multivariate Analysis among Twelve Sugarcane (Saccharum Officinarum L) Genotypes at Mankusa, North Western, Ethiopia





Cluster Analysis, PCA, Sugarcane, Variability, Yield


Smallholders cultivated sugarcane for household consumption, immediate cash, and feeding livestock in Ethiopia. However, its production and productivity are constrained by a lack of improved varieties. Sugarcane germplasm was collected from Districts of West Gojjam, Ethiopia, to evaluate yield and its contributing characters and quantify the phenotypic diversity at Mankusa, Jabitehnan, Ethiopia. The experiment was conducted using a randomised complete block design with three replications for two crop cycles, from April 2020 to March 2023. Data were recorded for the number of tillers, internode length, sellable stalks, plant height, stalk diameter, cane yield and biomass yield from twelve genotypes collected. The data recorded were subjected to analysis of variance, and means were separated using the Duncan Multiple Range Test at a 5% significance level. Variance and multivariate analysis indicated the existence of high phenotypic diversity between genotypes in all quantitative traits studied. Acc 7/20 and Acc 5/20 genotypes produced the highest number of tillers and longest internodes, while Acc 6/20 produced the highest number of sellable stalks. The genotype Acc 4/20 was the longest, and the thickest genotype, which could be elite donors for it respected quality traits through crossing. The highest cane yield was recorded from Acc 4/20 (178.04 t/ha), Acc 7/20 (151.41 t/ha), Acc 8/20 (134.1 t/ha) and Acc 12/20 (132 t/ha), producing 58, 34, 19 and 17% advantageous from the overall genotypes mean, respectively. Cluster analysis grouped the twelve sugarcane genotypes into four clusters, indicating the possibility of broadening the genetic basis by crossing genotypes in the different clusters. It also indicated that a cross between cluster II and III genotypes could create the thickest canes with many sellable stalks. Therefore, genotypes Acc 04/20, Acc 07/20, Acc 8/20 and Acc 12/20 have been recommended and must be evaluated in other sugarcane growing areas to exploit their potential.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


AAMER, M., RIZWAN, M., MUSTAFA, G. & SOHAI, M., 2018. Principal component analysis of some morphological and quality traits in sugarcane. J. Nsc. R., 8(14).

AJMAL, S.U., MINHAS, N.M., HAMDANI, A., SHAKIR, A., ZUBAIR, M. & AHMAD, Z., 2013. Multivariate analysis of genetic divergence in wheat germplasm. Pak. J. Bot., 45(5): 1643-1648.

ALAM, K.S., HOSSAIN, G.M.A., ISLAM, M.S. ALAM, K.M., 2018. Performance of chewing sugarcane varieties in a saline prone area. Eco-friendly Agril. J., 11(03): 33-37.

ALEMU, S., FETENE, T. & TADESSE, F., 2022. Morphological diversity and principal component analysis of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L) genotypes at Finchaa Sugar Estate, Ethiopia. Ratar. Povrt., 59(1): 9-15.

ALI, M.A., HASSAN, M.S., MOHAMED, B.D. & ALI, M.A., 2020. Performance and stability analysis of some sugarcane genotypes across different environments. SVU-Int. J. Agric. Sci., 2(2): 192-213.

ARAIN, M.Y., PANHWAR, R.N., GUJAR, N., CHOHAN, M., RAJPUT, M.A., SOOMRO, A.F. & JUNEJO, S., 2011. Evaluation of new candidate sugarcane varieties for some qualitative and quantitative traits under Thatta agro-climatic conditions. The J. Anim. & Plant Sci., 21(2): 226-230.

BLACKBURN, F., 1984. Sugarcane. New York: Longman Inc.

BROWN G.L., THOMPSON, J.A., NELSON, R.L. & WARBURTON, M.L., 2000. Evaluation of genetic diversity of soybean introductions and North American ancestors using RAPD and SSR markers. Cr. Sc., 40: 815-823.

CENTRAL STATISTICAL AGENCY., 2015. Area and production of major crops. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Central Statistical Agency.

CENTRAL STATISTICAL AGENCY., 2019. Area and Production of Major Crops. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Central Statistical Agency.

CORDEIRO, G.M., TAYLOR, G.O. & HENRY, R.J., 2000. Characterization of microsatellite markers from sugarcane (Saccharum sp.), a highly polyploid species. P.Sc., 155(2): 161-8.

DARIKA, B. & RUCHUON, W.G., 2021. Evaluation 16 elite sugarcane lines for ethanol yield and yield related traits under rainfed conditions. Aust. J. Crop Sci., 15(07): 1020-1028.

GASHAW, E.T., MEKBIB, F. & AYANA, A., 2018. Sugarcane landraces of Ethiopia: Germplasm collection and analysis of regional diversity and distribution. Adv. Agric., 2018(6): 1-18.

GOVINDARAJ, P., KARTHIGEYAN, S. & PAZHANY, A.S., 2016. Exploration and genetic diversity analysis of Saccharum spontaneum in Maharashtra state. India. J Sugarcane Res., 6(2): 72-84.

HAWKES, J.G., 1980. Crop genetic resources field collection manual. Wagnningen, Netherland: Pudoc.

HAWKES, J.G., 1983. The diversity of crop plants. London, England: Harvard University Press.

KARAKÖY, T., BALOCH, F.S., TOKLU, F. & ÖZKAN, H., 2013. Variation for selected morphological and quality-related traits among 178 faba bean landraces collected from Turkey. Plant Genet. Resour., 12: 5–13.

KHURSHID, M.R., AHMAD, N., MAJEED, A., ZUBAIR, M., QAMAR, H…, 2020. Evaluation of New Promising Sugarcane Clones under Agro-Ecological Conditions of Faisalabad, Pakistan. Life Sci J., 17(6): 84-88.

LANDON, J.R., 1991. Booker Tropical soil manual: A handbook for soil survey and agricultural land evaluation in the tropics and subtropics. London: Routledge.

NISHAD, H.K. & KUMAR, B., 2020. Genetic divergence in early maturing sugarcane clones for the cane yield and yield attributing traits. Int. J. Sci. Res. Publ., 10(2): 548-564.

OCHAMI, F. & OCHIENG, N., 2020. Evaluation of some new sugarcane varieties for yield and yield components under coastal climatic conditions. Int. J. Adv. St. Res., 3(8): 2581-5997.

PANHWAR, R.N., SOOMRO, A.F., CHOHAN, M., BHATTI, I.B., MARI, A.H., ARAIN, S. & AHMAD, S., 2022. Assessment of variation in newly developed sugarcane genotypes for morphological and quality associated parameters. Pakistan J.A.R., 35(3): 533-540.

RAO, P.S., MUKUNDA, R.C., SREEDEVI, P., BHARATHALAKSHMI, M. & JAMUNA, P., 2022. Evaluation of sugarcane clones for quality cane juice used for beverage. Biological Forum – An Int.J., 14(1): 290-293.

SAS INSTITUTE., 2003. SAS System for Windows.

SHITAHUN, A. & TESFAW, F., 2022. Phenotypic evaluation of ten sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) genotypes at Finchaa Sugar Estate, Ethiopia. Ratar. Povrt., 59(2).

TENA, E., MEKBIB, F. & AYANA, A., 2016. Genetic diversity of quantitative traits of sugarcane genotypes in Ethiopia. American J. Plsc., 7: 1498-1520.




How to Cite

Mekonnen, S., Azene, T., & Tessema, W. (2024). Yield and Multivariate Analysis among Twelve Sugarcane (Saccharum Officinarum L) Genotypes at Mankusa, North Western, Ethiopia. South African Journal of Agricultural Extension (SAJAE), 52(2), 145–158. https://doi.org/10.17159/2413-3221/2024/v52n2a15988