Socio-economic factors affecting home gardens as a livelihood strategy in rural areas of the Eastern Cape province, South Africa
Keywords:Eastern Cape Province, home gardens, living strategy
Home gardens have been identified as one of the possible ways of producing food and offer great solutions to some of the issues surrounding poverty alleviation and improving food security in rural areas. However, home gardens' potential as a living strategy has not been recognized and affected by many factors. Therefore, the study examines socio-economic factors influencing home gardens as a living strategy in rural areas of the Eastern Cape Province. The study was conducted in the Eastern Cape Province rural areas, where data was collected from 200 households using snowball sampling. The study made use of descriptive and logit regression models for analysis. The study results reveal that female households actively participated in home gardens with an average of 46 years. Households were landowners with an average farm size of 3 Ha and owning farm assets. Home gardens contributed immensely to households by providing food for home consumption and generating income from crops and vegetables. The study concludes that Socio-economic factors were the factors influencing home gardens as the living strategy in rural areas. Therefore, the study recommends the provision of external personnel in rural areas to assist home gardeners in improving their productivity.
ADHIKARI, B. 2005. Poverty, Property Rights, and Natural Resource: Understanding Distributional Implications of Common Property Resource Management. Env. Dev. Eco. 10: 7-31. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1355770X04001755
BAIPHETHI M. N. 2009. The contribution of subsistence farming to food security in South Africa. Agrekon.48(4), 22-423. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/03031853.2009.9523836
EASTERN CAPE DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION (ECDC). (2013), About the Eastern Cape: District Maps. Available on: http://www.ecdc.co.za/the_eastern_cape/district_map. Accessed 15 October 2019
EKEPU, D. & TIRIVANHU, P. 2014. Assessing socio-economic factors influencing adoption of legume-based multiple cropping systems among smallholder sorghum farmers in Soroti, Uganda. S. Afr. J. Agric. Ext. 44(2): 195 –215. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17159/2413-3221/2016/v44n2a421
ETWIRE, P. M., DOGBE, W., WIREDU, A. N., MARTEY, E., ETWIRE, E., OWUSU, R. K. & WAHAGA, E. 2013. Factors influencing farmer’s participation in agricultural projects: the case of the agricultural value chain mentorship project in the northern region of Ghana. Legon Uccra: CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute.
GALHENA H, RUSSELL F. & KARIM M. 2013. Home gardens: a promising approach to enhance household food security and wellbeing. Agr. Foo. Sec. 2:8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/2048-7010-2-8
HLOMENDLINI, P. H. 2015. Key Factors Influencing Smallholder Market Participation in the Former Homelands of South Africa: Case Study of the Eastern Cape. MSc Dissertation, Published. South Africa: Stellenbosch University.
MALAHLELA, N. D. 2014. Socioeconomic Contribution of Community Food Gardens to the Livelihoods of rural households in Lepelle-Nkumpi Local Municipality of Limpopo Province, South Africa. Published MSc. Dissertation, University of Fort Hare, RSA.
MATEBENI, F. 2018. Measuring rural household food security in the Nkonkobe local Municipality, Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. MSc. Dissertation, University of Stellenbosch, RSA.
MCATA, B. 2019. Garden ownership as a solution to food insecurity in urban areas of South Africa: the case of food gardens in Alice Town, Eastern Cape Province. J. Agr. Rur. Dev. 3 (53): 215–224. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17306/J.JARD.2019.01157
MDODA, L. & OBI, A. 2019. Analysis of profitability of smallholder Irrigated food plots in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. J. Agr. Rur. Dev., 3 (53): 225–232. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17306/J.JARD.2019.01265
MDODA, L., MELENI, S., MUJURU, N. & ALAKA, K. O. 2019. Agricultural Credit Effects on Smallholder Crop Farmers Input Utilisation in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. J. Hum. Eco. 66 (1-3): 45-55. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31901/24566608.2019/66.1-3.3151
MOKONE, N. W. 2016. The economic contribution of backyard gardens in alleviating poverty in the rural communities of Bojanala Platinum District Municipality, in North West Province, South Africa. Published MSc. Dissertation, University of South Africa, RSA.
MONDE, N., FRASER, G., BOTHA, J. J. & ANDERSON, K. 2006. Making home gardening a viable option in rural areas of South Africa: the case study of Guquka and Khayalethu in central Eastern Cape. Retrieved from: http://www.uwsp.edu/cnr/gem/Conference%20Procceedings/Track5Papers/Monde%20Track5%20EMSU%20paper%20FinalComplete.pdf. Accessed On 11 May 2020.
MONTSHWE, D. B. 2006. Factors affecting participation in mainstream cattle markets by small-scale cattle farmers in South Africa. Published MSc. Dissertation, University of Free State, RSA.
MQIKELA, N. 2014. The Impact of Land and Agrarian Reforms on Poverty Alleviation: Lessons from the Jay Dee Rovon Workers Trust and Mon Desire In Joubertina, Eastern Cape-South Africa. Publishing M. Dissertation, University of Fort Hare, RSA.
MUCHARA, B. 2010. Analysis of food value chain in smallholder crop and livestock enterprises in Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. Unpublished MSc Thesis, University of Fort Hare, RSA.
MUSOTSI, A. A, SIGOT, A. J. & ONYANGO, M. O. A. 2008. The role of home gardening in household food security in butere division of Western Kenya. Afri. J. Foo. Agr. Nut. Dev..8 (4): 375-390. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/ajfand.v8i4.19199
NGEMA, P. Z. 2017. Factors affecting the food security status and participation in food security intervention programmes in Maphumulo. Published MSc. Dissertation, University of Zululand, RSA.
NONTU, Y. & TARUVINGA, A., 2021. Determinants of home gardening participation among rural households: evidence from Ingquza hill local municipality, South Africa. Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development, 60(2), pp.213-220. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17306/J.JARD.2021.01402
OLUWASOLA, A. O, MONDE, N, ISAAC, A. & SUNDAY, O. 2013. The Role of Home Gardens in Household Food Security in Eastern Cape: A Case Study of Three Villages in Nkonkobe Municipality. J. Agr. Sci.; 6 (1): 126-136. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v6n1p129
ORTMANN, G. F. & KING, R. P. 2006. Small-scale farmers in South Africa: Can agricultural cooperatives facilitate access to input and product markets? Agrekon. 46 (2): 219 – 244. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/03031853.2007.9523769
RODRIGUE, C. G, ADANDÉ, B. FANDOHAN, V. S., FRANCK, R. I, ROMAIN, G. K., & ACHILLE, E. A. 2015. Factors affecting home gardens ownership, diversity and structure: a case study from Benin. J. Eth. Eth. 11: 56. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-015-0041-3
TABOKA, S. K. 2016. Evaluation of the impact of backyard gardens on household Incomes in Southern District, Botswana. Published M. Dissertation, Egerton University, Botswana.
WOOLDRIDGE, J. M. 2009. Introductory Econometrics, a Modern Approach, Fourth Edition. Michigan State University.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Mdiya, Mdoda
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.