Access to extension and advisory services by emerging livestock farmers in uThungulu district municipality of KwaZulu-Natal


  • M.M.S. Maake University of South Africa
  • N.Z. Nkosi
  • M.A. Antwi
  • M.M. Masafu
  • T.T. Rubhara


Access, Extension services, Emerging farmers


Lack of access to agricultural extension and advisory services has been identified as one of the major challenges facing emerging farmers in South Africa. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of access to these services by emerging livestock farmers in uThungulu District Municipality of KwaZulu-Natal. A survey design was used with face-to-face interviews to collect data using a semi-structured questionnaire. A sample of 1 437 was randomly selected from 4 792 emerging livestock farmers in the district. Descriptive statistical analyses were performed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 23 software. The results show that more than 90% of emerging livestock farmers in the district had high access to public extension and 14% had access to private extension, in addition. About 32% of the respondents also had access to extension and advisory services from agricultural cooperatives. There was an improvement in access to these services by emerging farmers compared to the past. The involvement of the private sector and cooperatives in rendering extension and advisory services to emerging livestock farmers shows that various stakeholders are involved in improving emerging livestock farmers in the province.


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How to Cite

Maake, M., Nkosi, N., Antwi, M., Masafu, M., & Rubhara, T. (2022). Access to extension and advisory services by emerging livestock farmers in uThungulu district municipality of KwaZulu-Natal . South African Journal of Agricultural Extension (SAJAE), 50(2), 101–116. Retrieved from